All About You

All About You

Pinktober – Breast Cancer Awareness Month

October is internationally celebrated as Breast Cancer Awareness Month. The World celebrate it by the name of “Pinktober” as it goes by In October, we wear pink. This month declares to emphasis on the spread of awareness about breast cancer.

Breast Cancer: Breast cancer is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control.

Breast Cancer Today: In 2020, there were 2.3 million women diagnosed with breast cancer and 685 000 deaths globally. As of the end of 2020, there were 7.8 million women alive who were diagnosed with breast cancer in the past 5 years, making it the world’s most prevalent cancer.

Who is at risk? About two-thirds of women with breast cancer are 55 or older. Most of the rest are between 35 and 54.

Breast Cancer Causes and Risk Factors

It is still uncertain that what causes breast cancer but there is certain analysis which helps leading towards it such as; Your age, genetic factors, personal health history, and diet all play a role. Some you can control; others you can’t.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors You Can’t Control:

(i)Age: Women over 50 are more likely to get breast cancer than younger women.

(ii)Personal history of cancer: If you had a history of any other cancer then you may have a high chance of it.

(iii)Family history: If a first-degree female relative (mother, sister, or daughter) had breast cancer, you’re two times more likely to get the disease.

(iv)Menstrual history: If your period history is odd, it may affect on your chances. For instance; periods start before age 12 or Your periods don’t stop until after you’re 55.

Breast Cancer Risk Factors You Can Control

(i)Physical activity: The less you move, the higher your chances.

(ii)Weight and diet: Being overweight after menopause raises your odds.

(iii)Reproductive history: You have your first child after age 30 , You don’t breastfeed & You don’t have a full-term pregnancy.

Breast Cancer Prevention:

These are the tips which can help you to prevent from breast cancer:

(i)Weight Control: Gaining every extra pound pushes you towards it after after menopause.

(ii)Exercise: Staying Active plays a vital role in lowering the risk. Try to walk for 150 minutes of moderate or 75 minutes of heavy activity each week (or a mix). Spread it out during the week.

(iii)Breastfeed: Longer is better to lower your risk.

(iv)Get screened: It is so important to have a regular check up such as mammograms once in every year.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Breast Cancer Symptoms

(i)The symptoms of breast cancer include:

(ii)A lump or thickened area in or near your breast or underarm that lasts through your period

(iii)A mass or lump, even if it feels as small as a pea

(iv)A change in your breast’s size, shape, or curve

(v)Nipple discharge that can be bloody or clear

(vi)Changes in the skin of your breast or your nipple. It could be dimpled, puckered, scaly, or inflamed.

(vii)Red skin on your breast or nipple

(viii)Changes in the shape or position of your nipple

(ix)An area that’s different from any other area on either breast

(x)A hard, marble-sized spot under your skin

Breast Cancer Diagnosis

If you feel a lump or if something shows up on a mammogram, your doctor will begin the breast cancer diagnosis process.

They’ll ask about your personal and family healthy history. Then, they’ll do a breast exam and order tests that include:

(i)Imaging tests: Your doctor will use these to learn more about your breast.

(ii)Ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to make a picture of your breast.

(iii)Mammogram: This detailed X-ray gives doctors a better view of lumps and other problems.

(iv)Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): This body scan uses a magnet linked to a computer to create detailed images of the insides of your breasts.

(v)Biopsy: For this test, the doctor removes tissue or fluid from your breast. They look at it under a microscope to check for if cancer cells and, if they’re there, learn which type they are.

Breast Cancer Treatment

If the tests find breast cancer, you and your doctor will develop a treatment plan to get rid of the cancer, to lower the odds that it will come back, and to reduce the chance of it moving outside your breast. Treatment generally follows within a few weeks after the diagnosis.

(i)Breast-conserving surgery: The surgeon removes only the part of the breast with the cancer, along with some nearby tissue. How much they take out depends on things like the size and location of the tumor.

(ii)Mastectomy: A surgeon removes the entire breast, along with all of the breast tissue and sometimes nearby tissues.

(iii)Radiation: Whether you get it and what type depends on the type of surgery you had, if your cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or somewhere else in your body, the size of your tumour, and sometimes, your age. You might have one type or a combination:

It is high time that every woman must be aware of breast cancer because; “The only person who can save you is you!” – Sheryl Crow

 

Previous article Ways to Prevent mental health problem
Next article Battling through Coronavirus